REVOLUTIONARY WAR PENSION APPLICATION
Transcribed by Meredith Rond from copy of original document
Robert Baker Number S16628
State of Missouri
On this 7th day of May 1833 personally appeared before the circuit court of Montgomery county aforesaid, the said court being a court of record Robert Baker, a resident of Montgomery County aforesaid aged seventy nine years who being duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed 7th June 1832.
I state from the best information I have I am seventy nine years of age & that I entered the service of the United States or rather the Confederation of the States and under the following officers and served as stated below.
I resided in Fincastle County now Washington Co. Virginia. I volunteered & entered the service under Captain James Thompson I think near about the middle of June 1776 have marched from Fincastle County to Long Island (which is about 60 miles from where I lived) then in the state of North Carolina was ?? and on the Holston River. I was in the battle fought between the forces under Captain Thompson and others & Cherokee Indians in the first of the month July 1776 where about 17 Indians were killed & none of our men but we had 4 men wounded. There were with us about 170 men & there was no higher officer in Command as I believe than a Captain. Those were called James Thompson, James Shelby William Cocke & perhaps others who were in command or called as such. This was at the commencement of hostiles with the Indians in that quarter & when we returned home which was only a few days after the Battle of Long Island as above stated, we found our families & neighbors forted & was? continued in the service at what was called Campbell’s Fort which was situated at Colonel William Campbell’s plantation in Fincastle county aforesaid till late in the fall during all which time I acted as a spy for the Fort when I was marched down again to the Fort at Long Island under Captain Dysart where I remained & acted as a ranger? for several weeks when we returned home in the winter some time after the first of January 1777.
In the year 1778 or 1779 but which I cannot now recollect about the last of July of one of those years I volunteered under Colonel William Campbell I entered into the service in the company of Captain William Edmondson & marched from Washington VA towards North Carolina where the Tories were embodying on the head waters of the Yadkin they were said to be under the command of one Brown & Coyle we met the Tories at a place called the big glades but when they saw us they ran some of whom we caught, some we whipped & one we hung after they were thus dispersed we returned home being about on this service between five & six weeks . Colonel Campbell commanded on this expedition.
In a short time after I returned home as I believe in the month of September I volunteered & entered the service to go to the lead mines. I was sent as a guard under the command of Lieutenant Arthur Bowen to guard the way that we were sent from the lead mines on New River to carry lead to the Moravian Towns in North Carolina for the use of the United State Army. We deposited the lead at the Moravian Towns which place was under the Command of Major. Herndon, we returned home after being absent on this service about six? weeks.
Called the month of September as I believe 1780 the Tories were? marching ?? the waters of the Catawba River. Colonel McDowell retreated over the mountains from where he had been driven by the British & Tories under Major Furgeson who were 0n the head waters of the Catawba river there was a call for men to go and meet the forces under Fergeson. I volunteered & entered the service under Captain James Dysart and marched early in September, we marched under the Command of Colonel William Campbell we were joined by the commands on our march of Colonels Surveyor?? from Washington, Colonel Shelby from N. Carolina now Tennessee. When we crossed the mountains we were joined by Colonel Cleveland & General Williams. We then marched to Kings Mountain & I was in the Battle of King Mountain which was fought on the 7th or 8th of October, I returned home about the last of November. In a short time after I returned home and I think about the middle of December 1780 I volunteered under Colonel Arthur Campbell & in Captain James Crabtrees Company William Russell, Lieutenent & John Baker, Ensign & marched to the Cherokee Towns where we burned 17 towns and killed a good many Indians & took some prisoners and also some cannons. I was in five or six scrimmages ?? This campaign lasted till about the last of January 1781 when I was discharged & from that time I served no more in the revolution. At the Battle of King mountain I was wounded in the right thigh and during that campaign & the one under Colonel Arthur Campbell to the Cherokee Towns I was a sergeant & served as such. At each time that I was out in service as herein before stated I was called into service by those who were authorized to do so. I never to my belief ever received a written discharge. From the time I entered the service until I was discharged I entirely employed in military service & not any civil pursuit. I was a private except as above stated all the times I was out. I relinquish all claims for a pension except this & that my name is not on any other pension roll of any state or of the ???? Sworn to in open court this 7th May 1833. Signed Robert Baker (signed in his own handwriting)
(Also signed by clerk – Jacob L Sharp)
The following interrogatories were put to the said Robert Baker by the Circuit Court aforesaid.
Question: Where & what year were you born? Answer: I was born in what was then Augusta now Washington County Virginia in the year 1754 January 17th as the records kept by my parents informs me.
Question: Have you any record of your age and if so where is it? Answer: I have none except what transcribed from my fathers record of that matter.
Question: Where were living when called into service where have you lived since & where do you reside now? Answer: I lived in Fincastle County VA when called into service which is now Washington (Co.) from whence I moved to East Tennessee in what is now called Greene County & lived there about six years & from there I moved to Madison County Kentucky & lived six years & from hence? removed to west Tennessee in what is now called Smith County where I lived about 19 years from thence about 14 years ago I removed to this state where resided since either in Calloway or Montgomery County where I now live.
Question: State the names of some of the regular officers who were with the troops where you served & such continental & militia regiments as you recollect & the general circumstances of your services? Answer: I know of no regular officers where I served they were all militia as I believe I served in no continental regiment as I know of but I served generally under Colonel William Campbell and once under Colonel Arthur Campbell. The service I was engaged in was a rangering (ranger?) service and sometimes as a spy in doing Foote duty & sometimes in pursuit of the Indians Tories or British forces.
Question: How were you called into service were you drafted did you volunteer or were you a substitute? Answer: I was not drafted I always volunteered & the mode of call was a Sergeant or some inferior officer came round informed us that there was men wanting & I went and marched to the points where our superior officers directed and I served during the times as aforesaid stated as a Private Spy or Sergeant.
Question: Did you receive a discharge from service if by whom was it given and what has become of it? Answer: I never received any written discharge from the service as I now remember where the particular service was over that we were called to perform we were permitted to go home without any other ceremony.
Question: State the names of the persons to whom you are known in your neighborhood & who can testify to your character for veracity and belief of your services as a soldier in the Revolution. Answer: Major Benjamin Sharp, Major Jacob T?. Sharp Clerk of the County and Circuit Courts of Montgomery County this State, Sylvester Baker & Nathaniel Dryden & (Major Ben. Sharp who is of Warren ??) Captain John Baker all of Montgomery County
Robert Baker (signed in his own handwriting)
Sworn to & subscribed in open Court this 7th day of May 1833.
Jacob L. Sharp, Clerk